- 이수정 · 이은주
- 노인의 자살생각 관련요인: 일 지역 전수 조사
- Factors associated with Suicidal Ideation of Elderly People based on Complete Enumeration of a Community Setting
- 노인, 자살, 우울, 자기 개념
- Aged; Suicide; Depression; Self concept
- 28권 4호 pp. 393-403
- 2019년 12월
- Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate relationships of depression, hopelessness, self-esteem,
and social support with suicide ideation and to identify factors associated with suicidal ideation of elderly people.
Methods: A descriptive correlational study was conducted with 100 elderly people residing in a community setting.
Data were collected in September 2019 through structured questionnaires to assess depression, hopelessness,
self-esteem, social support, and suicide ideation. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way
ANOVA with Scheffé test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression analyses. Results:
Presence of spouse (t=-3.32, p<.001), satisfaction in children relationships (F=3.56, p=.032), overall life assessment
(F=3.94, p=.023), and pain/ill-being (t=-2.04, p=.043) showed significant differences in suicidal ideation. Suicidal
ideation and self-esteem were negatively correlated (r=-.49, p<.001). Depression and suicidal ideation(r=.56,
p<.001) and hopelessness and suicidal ideation (r=.49, p<.001) were positively correlated. Factors of suicidal
ideation of elderly people were depression (β=.36, p=.017) and self-esteem (β=-.21, p=.046), that explained 30.1%
of the total variance in the proposed model. Conclusion: A community intervention programs for preventing suicide
among elderly people should include nursing strategies about depression and self-esteem. In addition, partnership
with elder’s spouse could be helpful to reduce suicidal ideation.
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