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 A Structural Equation Model of Happiness in Korean College Students
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 Happiness; Models, Structural; Ecosystem; Students; Self concept
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 Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a structural model based on Bronfenbrenner¡¯s ecology of human
development theory, that illustrates relationships of happiness and associated factors among Korean college
students. Methods: Study participants were 357 college students recruited from five universities throughout the
convenience sampling. Selfreported data were collected from November, 2018 to January, 2019. The data were
analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson¡¯s correlation coefficients, and a structural equation modeling in order
to identify factors associated with college students' happiness. Results: The tested model demonstrated the
acceptable model fit compared to the hypothesized model, that explained college students¡¯ happiness with 68.7%
accuracy. Positive family function, high self esteem and egoresilience were significant factors associated with
happiness for college students. However, positive friend support was not significant in our model. Conclusion: Our
study findings suggest that both family and individual interventions are required to reduce negative emotions and
increase happiness of college students. In particular, multicomponent interventions should include the concepts of
self esteem, egoresilience, and family function in terms of assessment and intervention contents tailored to Korean
college students.
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